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- Historical and Contemporary Perspectives
- U.S.-Mexico Borderlands
The war was described by President-General Ulysses S. It was based on deeply racist ideas. That took Texas away from Mexico. The rest of the war, and the later historical period, basically involved additional land grabs. In order to understand it, you should read the progressive writers like Walt Whitman, Ralph Waldo Emerson, and others. We should really call it Occupied Mexico. Like many borders around the world, it is artificially imposed and, like those many other borders imposed by external powers, it bears no relationship to the interests or the concerns of the people of the country—and it has a history of horrible conflict and strife.
Take the border between Afghanistan and Pakistan, for example. The British imposed the borderline. They partitioned the overall area nearly in half and arbitrarily divided the land. No Afghan government has ever accepted it, and nor should they. This has happened all across Africa as well, of course, and so the Mexican border is no exception. After the war of the s the US-Mexican border remained fairly open. Basically the same people lived on the same sides of it, so people would cross to visit relatives or to engage in commerce, or something else.
In , the Clinton administration initiated the program of militarizing the border, and that was extended greatly under George W. Bush in the s—largely under the guise of safety and defence from terrorism. If you take a look, you can see why. The Canadian border is so porous that you and I can cross it in some forested areas. If you were worried about terrorism, you would fortify the Canadian border.
Instead, they fortified the Mexican border where there is no threat of terrorism; it was, clearly, for other reasons.
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The Office of Technology Assessment called for some form of free trade agreement, but one that was quite differently constructed to the final version of NAFTA. It was clear that the final version of NAFTA, which is not a free trade agreement at all, would lead to the substantial destruction of small and medium scale American-Mexican agriculture.
It was also inevitably and deliberately meant to undermine smaller scale American agricultural businesses and workers, which is exactly what happened. In general, it was assumed that there would be a flow of people fleeing from Mexico across the border as either a direct, or indirect, result. It had to be militarized and protected. The defense infrastructure that crosses swathes of US land now, was not coincidental.
It was tied up with all these issues. In early May this year, one of the dictators of Guatemala, Rios Montt, was given a heavy sentence for his role in the virtual genocide of indigenous Guatemalans living in the highlands—actions that were strongly supported by Ronald Reagan in the s. Across the United States, generally, there are many people who fled the Guatemalan highlands as a result of the atrocities carried out in the early s.
Border crossings themselves are the acts of desperate people. No notes for slide.
American Studies Examining U. Camargo, Department of English E-mail: camargo uclink.
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We will trace an analytical trajectory from conflict and constestation to cooperation and integration among border actors, keeping in mind that while conflict characterizes the history of the interactions among border actors since the 17th century, the growing social interdependence and economic integration of border life in the 20th century will also need to be analyzed and theorized.
Focusing on the cultural and social formations of Anglo-Americans, Native Americans, and Mexican Americans in a dynamic contact zone, this course also explores the continuities and discontinuities in popular and academic representations of the border experience from the disciplinary perspectives of Latin American Studies, History, Geography, Sociology, Urban Studies, and Political Science. Our analysis of the border phenomenon and experience will include a study of the public policy, ethnohistory, literary productions, and filmic responses of diverse cultures in transition.
The Militarization of the U. Lawrence Herzog.
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- U.S.-Mexico Borderlands: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives.
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- Oscar J. Martinez books and biography | Waterstones?
Oscar J. Troublesome Border. Border People: Life and Society in the U. Martinez, ed. Mexico Borderlands: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, Frederick B. Donald E. The Apaches: Eagles of the Southwest.
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This region is not limited by political boundaries, but is rather a state of mind which is defined by power, water, money, and immigration. Through conversations with European Americans, Mexican Americans, and Asian Americans one tries to sketch the characteristics of this particular nation in North America. Austin: CMAS, David J. Weber, "John F.
Albuquerque: University of New Mexico, Joseph F. Mexico Borderlands. Martinez, Ed. Summary: Chiricahua Apaches tell their own story, a different story from the myths we have learned about the Apaches and about Geronimo.
Historical and Contemporary Perspectives
Presents the issues of the clash of cultures and the rights to land. Edward H.
New York: Interbook, Genaro M. Rudolfo A. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, Summary: Features the music and culture of Mexican-Americans living in southern Texas, showing food preparation, family life, dances, fieldwork, and other social activities.
Summary: A lyrical journey through the musings of the heart in he Mexican-American Nortena music tradition. Various performers are shown in dancehalls and cantinas, presenting songs of passion and death, hurt and humor, and the pleasures and torn dreams of love.
Robert S. Immigration Prisons in the Reagan Decade. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, Mexico Border. Oscar Martinez, ed. Austin, TX: University of Texas,