- How to Overcome the Obstacles that are Holding Your Goals Hostage
- 27 Quotes to Change How You Think About Problems
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The challenges here are the high vulnerability of local populations and their inability to anticipate on flood occurrence. These challenges could be tackle throught building capacity and preparedness at local level. Wilson John Barbon October Hi Loy and friends, Thanks for another chance to share some thoughts to this discussions. I am quite happy how these discussions have developed.
I just hope that the people who have started to participate will continue their share thoughts and insights to the specific themes now raised. One take away I have in these discussions are updates from the other parts of the world in implementing the HFA. I am quite amazed with the update about the Pacific Islands adopting their own regional framework on DRR. Anyway back to subject of this discussion.
Obstacles or challenges for action, I would agree to the points raised earlier on the challenge of 1 political will of government to really put priority to DRR and HFA implementation and 2 resources generation available for DRR action. Other than these two points I would like to add that one obstacle that I think is a challenge at least from my own experience is still about mindsets and paradigms of communities towards disasters.
Here in the Philippines, many communities are still adamant and complacent in responding to the need for DRR. The prevailing trend that is happening is that people tend to realize the importance of DRR after they have experienced extreme losses after a tremendous disaster event. One friend would say that the cost of "tuition fee" just to learn a lesson on DRR is quite expensive amounting to hundreds of people affected and thousands pesos of lost agricultural crops and infrastracture.
I also came from Mindanao and growing up I was taught that no typhoons will come to Mindanao because it is away from the typhoon "belt". So when there was a government warning on TS Washi some people in Mindanao was in disbelief and many have not acted on the warning thus resulting to huge disaster loses which until now is rehabilitation is still ongoing and DRR then becomes a major action.
For organizations facilitating DRR this is a challenge in terms of convincing local governments as well as communities to act on DRR before any disaster event strikes them. Another obstacle as mentioned above is resources and for a country like the Philippines, resources is a huge factor in implementing DRR actions from the ground and up. Although the policies are there to have a sustainable source of funds for DRR, the government is burdened with huge amounts of targeted spending to address the needs of the growing population such as more schools which every year, government has to build thousands of classrooms to absorb new students , more health care, housing and economic development.
The MDG target of health has been seen as not achievable by the Philippine government because of such challenges. This burden is felt from the national government down to the local governments.
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After facilitating risk assessments and risk reduction planning ultimately, the question of funding becomes dead-end on the road towards DRR work. In the previous discussions I have participated on DRR, a challenge is also in the area of how resilience is understood but more importantly measured. Do we have minimum indicators or a clear understanding of what is meant of resilience at the community level.
Many organizations have been doing a lot of good in the area of developing tools on how to facilitate community DRR actions but very few at least from what I am aware of have been done about indicators for resilience which will serve as benchmarks for DRR actions and resilience building. Lastly on the challenges, I think there is a challenge of DRR being disconnected to the overall discussions for national and community level development.
DRR is seen as another layer, another policy pronouncements that local governments have to comply instead of viewing DRR as something essential in order to achieve sustainable development, development that is safeguarded from hazards and climate change effects. Integrating and mainstreaming DRR in many development facets such as linking DRR to health, livelihoods, education and ecosystems management have been a key theme in many DRR actions in the Philippines.
How do we tackle and go beyond these challenges and underlying factors?
There have been positive "solutions" towards addressing these barriers. One way is to work with new and not so to be engaged stakeholders in DRR work. The Philippines have good actions on engaging the private sector to contribute in securing resources for community actions on DRR. Children are at risk to disasters because of their vulnerability and level of capacities and working in schools is also the best way to correct the traditional thinking towards disasters.
Sometimes children becomes the best educators to their parents as well. Other than working with the private sector and education sector, some NGOs have also worked with the academe for research and development of technologies that will improve risk assessments and hazard specific and cost effective early warning systems.
These are some of the solutions explored to address the challenges to resources and cultural mindsets towards disasters. Another solution I think that is being done is the value of continuing linking and learning among DRR actors and players.
How to Overcome the Obstacles that are Holding Your Goals Hostage
It is through this linking and learning that best practices are shared, joint problem solving and advocacies are borne and pursued. Linking and learning also allowed for better understanding of the principles and practice of DRR which for has been quite interesting among many organizations. The concept and interpretation of vulnerability, capacity and disaster risk have been quite different among organizations resulting to differences in approaches and tools. I don't believe that tools and approaches have to be uniformed among organizations and agencies but I do believe that all tools and approaches, definitions will all lead to a the reduction of risks and to the resilience of the community.
For all we know, at the eyes of the local communities, villages, barangays and community organizations--they don't care about any "DRR formula", what they care about is to keep their communities safe and resilient from hazards and climate change. This has been very long I apologize for writing a lot. Cheers to all participants. The issue of DRR and the challenges to having it become "mainstream" is that it is still considered a Sector apart.
27 Quotes to Change How You Think About Problems
This needs desperately to change. One action could be in partnering in training curricula to include DRR in shelter, infrastructure, finance, etc. Proactive approaches to universities and training institutes are needed as well as for multi- and bi-lateral entities. Budgets need to be offered to encourage inclusiveness. With a cup in hand little notice other than largesse will result and that is not a commitment to much. Another aspect that can bring DRR onto view is to build a body of practice.
More than demonstration projects systems of improvement in resilience need to be implemented to build experience and momentum for change. Focus on retrofitting community facilities, especially schools and hospitals, attracts attention and could attract investment.
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Funding is always an issue but the DRR community has to include in a significant way addressing the improvement of the existing built environment and new construction through programs not projects. Systems of capital investment can carry conditions for loan approval. Dedicated lines of credit can be made available in a commercially viable manner to support sustainability. While investment in improvements certainly includes the poor it is not only the poor that require access to credit for upgrading and new resilient development.
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Means of sharing risk for loans to informal sector workers and low income families need attention. For resilience to happen investment is required. Nazmul Chowdhury October What are major challenges to action on disaster risk reduction and building resilience? In maximum cases single problem is addressing, rather than considering cross cutting problems of the communities. Problem specific and region specific package is highly required to address the needs caused by natural disasters.
DRR project should focus social, economic, infrastructure and service facilities, education, alternative on and off farm interventions, skill diversification to cope with disaster situation. Finally, policy ammendment and update with adequate funding mechanism is highly required to achieve sustainable developent and progress to build capacity for future challanges.
We haver ground level experience to deal with comprehensive project with innovative ideas to tackle the existing vulnerability of the communities affected by flooding and river erosion in Bangladesh. For more details the suggested links are putting below for google search; www. Taiser Aborashed October My successful efforts in cooperation the international DRR decisions makers and governmental authorities worldwide dual an amazing experience I am doing on extreme hazards preperdness,have been approved of more than a centre.
I met proud achievement on natural hazards such as tsunamis such as Fokochima and unnatural hazards such as Chernobyl accident. I still strongly advise Mr. I could find my theory on uncertainty that indicates the possibility to have informations of news of events before they occure. Any way,my submissions through the event ewc3 is sensitive. I may hear from Mr. Loy Rego and either Mr. Loy Rego. Thank you for your understanding. Taiser Aborashed.
Christian Njoku October Sighting an instance from my immediate environment Nigeria, lack of political will is a standing impediment, confronting Disaster Risk Reduction, if there are will, implementation of law and order would have been a tradition, but for the lack of the above, human being are like misguided and scattered soldier ants, behaving and doing things the way it pleases their conscience detrimental to their fellow being. Citizens must learn to understand their right and hold it judiciously, we must learn to disagree the wrong, even when it is a matter of life and death, during elections we must not succumb to voting the wrong candidate, even if we are dying of hunger, because when the wrong person is saddled with our immediate responsibility, we will be hungry the more.
Thanks, Chris. Tomoko Suga October The main five priorities for action from HFA and external factors to consider are vulnerability in regions, communities and cultures. Trends from dialogues indicate the concern of participants from the least developed countries for international action. The recovery process of natural hazards in developing countries has inadequate training in such cases as the Earthquakes in Haiti, and also Asian regions in Philippines prone to floods.
When natural disasters occur, unpredictably and almost no sign of early warnings, the citizens are in emergency situations, followed by the aftermath and humanitarian assistance. The regaining of control, decision-making process for vulnerable populations and sensitive to these issues are consideration for children, women, elderly and the poverty state.
Recovery of religions and cultures are also defined as significant issues for rebuilding lives and communities that suffer from loss of lives, mental and physical conditions. The social media and global networks raise an important issue of the relationship between the humanitarian aid and development.